St. Peter's Basilica, located in Vatican City, is one of the world's most famous landmarks and attracts millions of visitors every year. It is the center of the Catholic Church, and as such, it has some important religious artifacts and traditions. In this article, we will discuss two of these: the Chair of St. Peter and the dress code that visitors are expected to follow.

The Chair of St. Peter

The St. Peter's Basilica Chair, also known as the Cathedra Petri, is a relic that is kept in the apse of St. Peter's Basilica. It is a large, bronze throne that dates back to the 13th century and is said to have been used by St. Peter himself. The chair is encased in a magnificent marble sculpture created by Gian Lorenzo Bernini in the 17th century, which includes four large statues representing the four Doctors of the Church.

The History of the Chair

The origins of the Chair of St. Peter are shrouded in mystery. Some sources claim that it was actually used by St. Peter himself, while others suggest that it was created in the 6th century to commemorate the saint. Regardless of its origins, the chair has been an important symbol of the papacy for centuries.

In 2012, a team of archaeologists and historians was allowed to examine the chair for the first time in over 350 years. Using modern technology, they were able to determine that the chair dates back to the 13th century, and that it was likely created in Rome.

The Significance of the Chair

The Chair of St. Peter is an important symbol of the authority of the Pope. It represents the unbroken line of succession from St. Peter to the current Pope, and is a physical reminder of the Pope's role as the head of the Catholic Church.

Visitors to St. Peter's Basilica can view the Chair of St. Peter in the apse, behind the main altar. Although it is not possible to sit in the chair or touch it, visitors can appreciate its beauty and significance.

Dress Code at St. Peter's Basilica

St. Peter's Basilica is a holy site and as such, visitors are expected to dress appropriately. There is a strict dress code in place, and visitors who do not adhere to it may be denied entry.

The Dress Code

The dress code at St. Peter's Basilica is simple: visitors must dress modestly. This means that shorts, skirts, and dresses must cover the knees, and shirts must cover the shoulders and stomach. Tank tops, low-cut shirts, and mini-skirts are not allowed.

Enforcing the Dress Code

The dress code at St. Peter's Basilica is strictly enforced. Visitors who do not comply with the dress code may be turned away at the entrance, or asked to cover up with shawls or scarves that are provided free of charge.

It is important to note that the dress code is not just a suggestion, but a sign of respect for the holiness of the site. Visitors who are unsure about what is appropriate to wear can always err on the side of caution and dress more conservatively.